Location: Ethiopia is strategically located in the Horn of Africa, 3' and 14.8" latitude 33' and 48' longitude bordering Somalia, the Sudan, Djibouti, Kenya and Eritrea with a total border length of 5,311 km.
- It is the 10th largest country in Africa.
- The 3rd populous country in Africa
- 100 mts. Below sea level lowest pt
- 4620 mts the highest pt.. Ras Dashen
Its proximity to the Middle East and Europe, together with its easy access to the major ports of the region, enhances its international trade.
Ethiopia has an elevated central plateau varying in height from 2,000 to 3,000 meters above sea level. In the north and centre of the country, there are some 25 mountains whose peaks reach over 4,000 meters.
The most famous Ethiopian river is the Blue Nile or Abbay, which fl ows a distance of 1,450 kilometers from its source to join the White Nile at Khartoum. From the north and running down the centre are the Abyssinian highlands. To the west of the chain the land drops to the grasslands of Sudan, to the east to the deserts of the Afar. South of Addis Ababa, the land is dominated by the Rift Valley Lakes.
Ethiopia's central plateau varies in height between 2,000 and 3,000 metres. In the north and centre of the country there are some 25 mountains whose peaks rise over 4,000 metres (13,200ft), the highest being Ras Dashen at 4,543 metres (14,538ft).